, Unlike most countries in Europe, sport in Luxembourg is not concentrated upon a particular national sport, but encompasses a number of sports, both team and individual. Diss.  In 1437, the House of Luxembourg suffered a succession crisis, precipitated by the lack of a male heir to assume the throne, which led to the territories being sold by Duchess Elisabeth to Philip the Good of Burgundy. Luxembourg is the capital of the Luxemburg country with the same name as itself. . B. Wolters, Groningen / Djakarta 1955, pp. , Luxembourg has been overshadowed by the culture of its neighbours. The advent of the high-speed TGV link to Paris has led to renovation of the city's railway station and a new passenger terminal at Luxembourg Airport was opened in 2008. ", "MAE – Luxembourg City in the top 10 of the most "livable" cities / News / New York CG / Mini-Sites", "LUX MUST "REDOUBLE ITS EFFORTS" TO MEET CLIMATE TARGETS: OECD", "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", World Economic Outlook Database-April 2012, "Luxembourg makes progress in OECD standards on tax information exchange", "A progress report on the jurisdictions surveyed by the OECD Global Forum", "Kim Jong-il $4bn emergency fund in European banks", "How one word change lets Amazon pays less tax on its UK activities", "Embargo 4 October 0.01 AM Central European Times", "Luxembourg tax files: how tiny state rubber-stamped tax avoidance on an industrial scale", "Major foreign holders of treasury securities", "What are the problems of geographic attribution for securities holdings and transactions in the TIC system? What cities are in Holmes County, Where is Hillsborough County Florida? Its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the four official capitals of the European Union (together with Brussels, Frankfurt, and Strasbourg) and the seat of the Court of Justice of the European Union, the highest judicial authority in the EU. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg - a small country landlocked by Belgium, France and Germany - is a prominent financial centre. What cities are in Orange County, Where is Okaloosa County Florida? What cities are in Sharp County Arkansas. Luxembourg city is situated on a sandstone plateau into which the Alzette River and its tributary, the Petrusse, have cut deep winding ravines. The border between Luxembourg and Germany is formed by three rivers: the Moselle, the Sauer, and the Our. Luxembourg is largely multilingual; while a 2009 survey revealed that French was the language spoken by most inhabitants (99%), Luxembourgish (82%), German (81%) and English (72%) were also spoken by large sections of the population.. We visited this city from Brussels, Belgium in just one day.  Luxembourg is ranked 13th in The Heritage Foundation's Index of Economic Freedom, 26th in the United Nations Human Development Index, and 4th in the Economist Intelligence Unit's quality of life index. , On 29 February 2020 Luxembourg became the first country to introduce no-charge public transportation which will be almost completely funded through tax revenue. , In the 14th and early 15th centuries, three members of the House of Luxembourg reigned as Holy Roman Emperors. A big portion of the country’s universities are in Luxembourg city, the country’s capital. Luxembourg City, the capital of the only Grand Duchy in the world, will surprise you with its myriad delights. , The main languages of media in Luxembourg are French and German.  In 2013, Luxembourg is ranked as the 2nd safest tax haven in the world, behind Switzerland. To the east, Luxembourg borders the German Bundesländer of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland, and to the south, it borders the French région of Grand Est (Lorraine). What cities are in Bradford County, Where is Bay County Florida? What cities are in Fairfield County Connecticut, Where is Weld County Colorado? What cities are in Jackson County, Where is Indian River County Florida? Rarely will you find a country in Europe where so many cultures, mentalities and languages act in accordance and perfect harmony. In early November 2014, just days after becoming head of the European Commission, the Luxembourg's former Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker was hit by media disclosures—derived from a document leak known as Luxembourg Leaks—that Luxembourg under his premiership had turned into a major European centre of corporate tax avoidance.  However, the large proportion of alcohol purchased by customers from neighboring countries contributes to the statistically high level of alcohol sales per capita; this level of alcohol sales is thus not representative of the actual alcohol consumption of the Luxembourg population.  In 2013, there were 537,039 permanent residents, 44.5% of which were of foreign background or foreign nationals; the largest foreign ethnic groups were the Portuguese, comprising 16.4% of the total population, followed by the French (6.6%), Italians (3.4%), Belgians (3.3%) and Germans (2.3%). , The industrial sector, which was dominated by steel until the 1960s, has since diversified to include chemicals, rubber, and other products. Luxembourg City is located south of the Petrusse River, north of the Alzette river, and in the middle of the medieval Luxembourg castle. This encourages the investment in networks and services. What cities are in Hartford County, Where is Fairfield County Connecticut? There are places to visit throughout the city.  Luxembourg served on the United Nations Security Council for the years 2013 and 2014, which was a first in the country's history. What cities are in Collier County, Where is Citrus County Florida? , Due to the large community of Portuguese origin, the Portuguese language is de facto fairly present in Luxembourg though it remains limited to the relationships inside this community; although Portuguese does not have any official status, the administration sometimes holds certain informative documents available in Portuguese. , Due to a 1988 law that established a special tax scheme for audiovisual investment, the film and co-production in Luxembourg has grown steadily. , Luxembourg is the site of the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Court of Auditors, the Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat) and other vital EU organs. As a cultural platform, it abounds in venues for artistic expression, such as museums, theatres and concert halls. At the end of the 13th century, the counts of Luxembourg reigned over a considerable territory. What cities are in Okaloosa County, Where is Nassau County Florida? ... Will the new Flybe link from Manchester to Luxembourg survive Brexit? In 1999 Luxembourg joined the Eurozone. In 2007, the European Capital of Culture was to be a cross-border area consisting of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Rheinland-Pfalz and Saarland in Germany, the Walloon Region and the German-speaking part of Belgium, and the Lorraine area in France. Luxembourg City is a lively and bustling capital with a lot of great touristic attractions to visit and a multitude of things to do.  The House of Luxembourg produced four emperors during the High Middle Ages. What Sea is Japan in?  As of 2020, Luxembourg citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 187 countries and territories, ranking the Luxembourgish passport fifth in the world, tied with Denmark and Spain. Luxembourg has come under the control of many states and ruling houses in its long history, but it has been a separate, if not always autonomous , political unit since the … The Red Lands, in the far south and southwest, are Luxembourg's industrial heartland and home to many of Luxembourg's largest towns. Is Luxembourg a rich country? A highly strategic position in the heart of Europe", "Telx Partners with German Hub Provider ancotel to Provide Virtual Connections between U.S. and Europe", "Globale Rechenzentren | Colocation mit niedrigen Latenzen für Finanzunternehmen, CDNs, Enterprises & Cloud-Netzwerke bei Equinix", "Ancotel – Telecommunication Operator References", "Networks Accessible in Frankfurt via the VMMR Solution offered by Telx/ancotel", "Luxembourg's politicians pin economic hopes on fintech drive", "Luxembourg as a Centre for Online and ICT Business (pdf)", "Invest, Innovate, Export | Luxembourg as a smart location for business", "LuxConnect ICT campus Bettembourg DC 1.1", "LuxConnect ICT campus Bissen/Roost DC 2", "New data center study: Luxembourg in pole position", "Soluxions magazine: Luxembourg en pole position", "International migrant stock: The 2017 revision", "Luxembourg Presidency – Being a Luxembourger", "Population par sexe et par nationalité (x 1 000) 1981, 1991, 2001–2013", "La progression de la population du Grand-Duché continue: 537 039 résidants au 1er janvier 2013. Religions covered by such arrangements are Roman Catholicism, Judaism, Greek Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, Russian Orthodoxy, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Mennonitism, and Islam. [unreliable source? The Secretariat of the European Parliament is located in Luxembourg, but the Parliament usually meets in Brussels and sometimes in Strasbourg.. Retrieved on 25 January 2013", "Household Download Index.  In April 2013 Luxembourg featured the 6th highest download speed worldwide and the 2nd highest in Europe: 32,46 Mbit/s. The valleys of the mid-Sauer and Attert form the border between the Gutland and the Oesling. The arena is used for basketball, handball, gymnastics, and volleyball, including the final of the 2007 Women's European Volleyball Championship. What cities are in Weld County Colorado, Belgrade Map and Map of Belgrade, Belgrade on Map, Where is Russia? It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. The professional head of the army is the Chief of Defence, who answers to the minister and holds the rank of general. , Luxembourg's stable and high-income market economy features moderate growth, low inflation, and a high level of innovation. This enabled Germany to use the railway lines, while at the same time denying them to France. , Luxembourg sells the most alcohol in Europe per capita. Luxembourg , officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in Western Europe.  Twelve of the communes have city status; the city of Luxembourg is the largest. , At the time of the Belgian Revolution of 1830–1839, and by the 1839 Treaty establishing full independence, Luxembourg's territory was reduced by more than half, as the predominantly francophone western part of the country was transferred to Belgium. , In 1940, after the outbreak of World War II, Luxembourg's neutrality was again violated when the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany entered the country, "entirely without justification". While Luxembourg is tiny in comparison with many of the European heavyweights – it’s incredibly attractive to expats. During the past decades, growth in the financial sector has more than compensated for the decline in steel production.  Proficiency in all three languages is required for graduation from secondary school, but half the students leave school without a certified qualification, with the children of immigrants being particularly disadvantaged.  Luxembourg has established itself as one of the leading financial technology (FinTech) hubs in Europe, with the Luxembourg government supporting initiatives like the Luxembourg House of Financial Technology. What cities are in New London County, Where is New Haven County Connecticut? What cities are in Tolland County, Where is New London County Connecticut?  Luxembourg had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 1.12/10, ranking it 164th globally out of 172 countries. What cities are in Litchfield County, Where is Hartford County Connecticut? Luxembourg is a landlocked country in the west of Central Europe. Built on the arched river Petrus in 1903, the Adolphe bridge, a structure with many underground tunnels and caves, is the largest Palace, Bank Museum, Grand Duke Jean Museum of Modern Art, which was built as a municipal building between 1572 and 1795.  There are some 30 registered production companies in Luxembourg. administrative or judicial decisions, passports etc.) In April 2009, concern about Luxembourg's banking secrecy laws, as well as its reputation as a tax haven, led to its being added to a "grey list" of nations with questionable banking arrangements by the G20.  The largest sports venue in the country is d'Coque, an indoor arena and Olympic swimming pool in Kirchberg, north-eastern Luxembourg City, which has a capacity of 8,300.  The pavilion was based on the transliteration of the word Luxembourg into Chinese, "Lu Sen Bao", which means "Forest and Fortress".  Because of the strong multilingualism in Luxembourg, newspapers often alternate articles in French and articles in German, without translation. This is a list of the cities. Luxembourg is officially divided into 24 districts, but the visitor really needs to know only 5: Ville Haute ("High City"), the medieval town core. Luxembourg is located in western Europe and has ocean climate. Indeed, more than 40% of people living in … Luxembourg is one of the most organized and well-maintained cities in the world. At the death of William III, the throne of the Netherlands passed to his daughter Wilhelmina, while Luxembourg (then restricted to male heirs by the Nassau Family Pact) passed to his third cousin, Adolph of Nassau-Weilburg. Luxembourg City. ", "Eurostat – Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table", "Country comparison :: POPULATION growth rate", "City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications", "European Union | Definition, Purpose, History, & Members", Timeline: Luxembourg – A chronology of key events, "Luxembourg | national capital, Luxembourg", "Asselborn's final Security Council meeting", "Global Ranking – Visa Restriction Index 2020", "Emperor Charles IV elected Greatest Czech of all time", "History of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg", "The invasion of Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg", "Democracy Index 2016 - The Economist Intelligence Unit", "The Luxembourgish government since 1848 (in French)", "Carte des communes – Luxembourg.lu – Cartes du Luxembourg", "The European institutions in Luxembourg", "A400M Loadmaster, Future Large Aircraft – FLA, Avion de Transport Futur – ATF", "2012 EPI :: Rankings – Environmental Performance Index", "WHAT IS THE GREENEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD? Despite the lack of a central sporting focus, over 100,000 people in Luxembourg, out of a total population of near 500,000–600,000, are licensed members of one sports federation or another. Countries Close to Luxembourg: Belgium: 140.8 km / 87.5 miles: Countries Nearby: Netherlands: 264.1 km / 164.1 miles: Countries Nearby: Germany: 340.3 km / 211.5 miles: Countries Nearby: Switzerland: Retrieved on 9 April 2013", "Eurohub Luxembourg – putting Europe at your fingertips", "Financial express special issue on Luxembourg", "Press Release: New ITU report shows global uptake of ICTs increasing, prices falling", "Luxembourg ranks on the top in the ITU ICT survey", "Global Broadband Quality Study Shows Progress, Highlights Broadband Quality Gap", "ICT And E-Business – Be Global from Luxembourg", "PricewaterhouseCoopers Invest in Luxembourg", "Why Luxembourg? The cultural offer that makes up Luxembourg is representative of its city dwellers: multilingual, multicultural, creative and eclectic. What cities are in Bay County, Where is Baker County Florida? What cities are in Kent County, Where is Windham County Connecticut? However, despite a recent increase in the production of novels in the language, it is seldom used as written language, and the numerous expatriate workers (approximately 60% of the population) also generally do not use it to speak to each other. Movie star Loretta Young was of Luxembourgish descent. , In 1951, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Coal and Steel Community, which in 1957 would become the European Economic Community and in 1993 the European Union. The airport is 6 kilometres away from Luxembourg city centre. 5–8. The Minister for Defence, François Bausch, oversees army operations. Another 6.4% were of other EU background, while the remaining 6.1% were of other non-EU, but largely other European, background. It is also the uplink home of SES, carrier of major European satellite services for Germany and Britain.  The city of Luxembourg, which is the country's capital and largest city, is the seat of several institutions and agencies of the EU.  Its culture, people, and languages are highly intertwined with its neighbours, making it a mixture of French and German cultures. Understand . What cities are in Levy County, Where is Lake County Florida? What cities are in Manatee County, Where is Levy County Florida? Vienna named world’s best city … , Luxembourg was a founding participant of the Eurovision Song Contest, and participated every year between 1956 and 1993, with the exception of 1959. This city is famous for its ruins of medieval fortifications. Dnipropetrovsk Map. – in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green), Luxembourg (/ˈlʌksəmbɜːrɡ/ (listen) LUK-səm-burg; Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg [ˈlətsəbuːə̯ɕ] (listen); French: Luxembourg; German: Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg,[c] is a landlocked country in Western Europe. Cities of Luxembourg highlighted amongst all communes in the country.  Around this fort, a town gradually developed, which became the centre of a state of great strategic value. [unreliable source? Of Luxembourg’s roughly 571,000 inhabitants, about 100,000 live in Luxembourg City.  In 2011, Luxembourg had an NGA coverage of 75%. The army has also participated in humanitarian relief missions such as setting up refugee camps for Kurds and providing emergency supplies to Albania. Which universities to attend in Luxembourg. ], Luxembourg is described as a "full democracy", with a parliamentary democracy headed by a constitutional monarch. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839, but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Amongst the posts that he held were the 20th Prime Minister of Luxembourg, President of the United Nations General Assembly, and the seventh President of the European Commission. , Luxembourg has modern and widely deployed optical fiber and cable networks throughout the country. For the city, see, • Independence in personal Union with the Netherlands (, Interactive map showing the border of Luxembourg. , The history of Luxembourg is considered to begin in 963, when count Siegfried acquired a rocky promontory and its Roman-era fortifications known as Lucilinburhuc, "little castle", and the surrounding area from the Imperial Abbey of St. Maximin in nearby Trier. In 2000 there were 162,000 immigrants in Luxembourg, accounting for 37% of the total population. , The recorded history of Luxembourg begins with the acquisition of Lucilinburhuc (today Luxembourg Castle) situated on the Bock rock by Siegfried, Count of Ardennes, in 963 through an exchange act with St. Maximin's Abbey, Trier. The national stadium (also the country's largest) is the Stade Josy Barthel, in western Luxembourg City; named after the country's only official Olympic gold medallist, the stadium has a capacity of 8,054. What cities are in Martin County, Where is Manatee County Florida? Located in Southern Luxembourg, at the confluence of Alzette and Petrusse Rivers, Luxembourg –City is the national capital, the largest city and the most populous … Your email address will not be published. istanbulda gezilecek yerler.  Luxembourg is a member of the Benelux Economic Union and was one of the founding members of the European Economic Community (now the European Union). Where is Sharp County Arkansas? , As of 2019[update], public debt of Luxembourg was at $15,687,000,000, or a per capita debt of $25,554. Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. Its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the four official capitals of the European Union, along with Frankfurt, Brussels, and Strasbourg. Luxembourg City is located south of the Petrusse River, north of the Alzette river, and in the middle of the medieval Luxembourg castle. , The University of Luxembourg is the only university based in Luxembourg. Skin colour is the most commonly mentioned ground of discrimination, with the highest rates observed in Luxembourg (53 %), Austria (45 %), Germany and Italy (37 % each). The Fortress of Luxembourg was manned by Prussian troops for the German Confederation. , German is very often used in much of the media along with French. List of Countries Near Luxembourg.  In 1839, following the turmoil of the Belgian Revolution, the purely French-speaking part of Luxembourg was ceded to Belgium and the Luxembourgish-speaking part (except the Arelerland, the area around Arlon) became what is the present state of Luxembourg. Where is Sea of Japan?  In 1842 Luxembourg joined the German Customs Union (Zollverein). Luxembourg is a small landlocked nation in Western Europe, bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany. , The King of the Netherlands remained Head of State as Grand Duke of Luxembourg, maintaining a personal union between the two countries until 1890. What cities are in Orange County California. In 1354, Charles IV elevated the county to the Duchy of Luxembourg. , Luxembourg is a secular state, but the state recognises certain religions as officially mandated religions. Annually, over 10,000 new immigrants arrive in Luxembourg, mostly from the EU states, as well as Eastern Europe. Competition between the different operators is guaranteed by the legislative framework Paquet Telecom of the Government of 2011 which transposes the European Telecom Directives into Luxembourgish law. , Some 20 data centres are operating in Luxembourg. Luxembourg is one of the richest cities in the world. 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