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what is the function of meristematic tissue

The meristematic tissue is of two types -. The apical meristem, also known as the “growing tip,” is an undifferentiated meristematic tissue found in the buds and growing tips of roots in plants. 2. 4. Its main function is to trigger the growth of new cells in young seedlings at the tips of roots and shoots and forming buds. 2. What happens to the cells formed by meristematic tissue? Meristematic tissue and ground tissue are two types of tissues found in plants. These cells help to increase the length and bulkiness of the plant. Functions of meristematic tissue: 1. Unlike most animals, plants continue to grow throughout their entire life span because of the unlimited division of meristematic regions. In the metaphase, the spindle fibers align all of the chromosomes along the middle of the cell's nucleus, and in the anaphase, the new nucleus will get one copy of each of the chromosomes. Pro Lite, Vedantu The meristem is a type of tissue found in plants. Meristematic Tissue On the basis of Origin, Meristematic Tissue On the Basis of Position, Meristematic Tissue On the Basis of Function. What are the two types of Meristematic Tissue? The term meristem was coined by Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli. The function of meristematic tissue is new growth. It is found in the root and the shoot tips. It is present a little below the promeristem and forms the permanent tissue. A plant tissue that has the power to divide itself actively throughout its life is called a Meristematic Tissue. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. 3. Vacuoles causes hindrance in cell division as it is full of cell sap to provide turgidity and rigidity to the cell. The process by which meristematic tissues lose their ability to divide and take up a specific shape and function is called differentiation. Mitosis produces two identical daughter cells during the phases of prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. An intercalary meristem is located within the leaves and internodes at the intercalary position. Meristematic Tissue On the Basis of Function Protoderm. It is in a neighbourhood with the grass, monocots and pines. The tissues at apex of stem, root and leaf primordia and vascular cambium are examples of meristematic tissue. Meristem cells partition to deliver the different cell sorts that make up the plant's new tissues. Some cells produced by meristematic tissue stop dividing and acquire certain changes to become permanent tissues of the plant. Meristematic cells are typically small and nearly spherical. Undifferentiated cells divide and form new, specialized cells. Therefore, meristematic tissue is present in these regions. Ground Meristem. Plants generally grow where meristematic tissue is present. Mitosis, the primary function of meristematic tissue, is the nuclear division of cells. Permanent Tissues are composed of cells, which are specialized in the performance of a particular function, but lost their ability to divide. 3. The apical meristem is the way the tips of stems grow. Meristematic Tissue: This tissue is responsible in the growth and formation of new organs throughout the life of the plants. Prophase begins when the chromatin in the nucleus starts to condense and become visible, and the nucleolus then disappears. Meristem cells are classified based on their origin and location in the plant. The characteristics of meristematic tissue are as follows: 1. Simple permanent tissue is further classified into three types: Parenchyma. Summary: Plant tissues are subdivided into meristematic and permanent tissue. Metabolism: Metabolism in permanent tissue is either absent or present, and if present it is usually occur at low rates. Organ-Specific and Tissue-Specific Manifestation, The Living Organisms Characteristics and Habitats, Vedantu Characteristics of Meristematic Plant Tissue . The … It is a part of apical meristem and adds to the peak of the plant. It has the quality of self-renewal as every time the cell divides, one cell remains just like the parent cell and the others form specialized structures. What are the two types of Meristematic Tissue? Types of Meristematic Tissue Location. Cells of meristematic tissue differentiate to form different types of permanent tissues. Types, Characteristics and Function. A) The meristematic tissue is an area of active plant growth. Types of Permanent Tissue Simple Permanent Tissue . They possess a large nucleus devoid of the vacuole. A group of cells that are similar in structure and performing same functions are called as Tissues. These cells could do or be anything, just like that blank computer. It helps in the transport of water and nutrients to different parts of the plant. Apical Meristem Function. The meristematic tissues divide and differentiate to form the permanent tissues. Meristematic tissues have undifferentiated cells which form the building blocks of the specialized plant structures. Functions: 1. (a) Parenchyma: These are isodiametric and thin-walled. Cells of meristematic tissue differentiate to form different types of permanent tissue. The cells may be oval, circular or polygonal with intercellular space. All cells are not able to perform all the functions. They are responsible for primary (elongation) and secondary (thickness) growth of the plant. 6. Function. Key Terms. Intercalary Meristem:- They are present at the base of the leaves or internodes of the twigs. This zone contains the cells that actively divide and create specialized structures such as the cambium layer, the buds of leaves and flowers, and the tips of roots … The group of plant cells or tissue which is in the active state of division is called meristematic tissue or meristems. Procambium. Meristematic tissue has the ability to divide and redivide to provide growth to plants.Generally, growth of plants occurs from specific region like root and shoot, nodes, girth of stem, leaf base etc. Apical meristematic tissue: Apical meristematic tissue is found in all higher plants. It is responsible for the increasing length of the plant body parts. They are living. The protoplasm of the cells is very dense. They have a dense cytoplasm and relatively few small vacuoles (watery saclike enclosures). The permanent tissue forms from the secondary meristem. There are 3 types of permanent tissues: simple permanent tissues Meristematic tissues are subdivided into apical, lateral and intercalary meristem. These help to increase the length of the internode. Some of these cells, known as initials, maintain the meristem as a continuing source of new cells and may undergo mitosis (cell division) many times before differentiating into the specific cells required for that region of the plant body. Meristems are actively dividing tissues of the plant. Lateral meristems: They increase in diameter of an organ. Once a cell’s role is assigned though (just like when the computer is programmed), its function becomes limited. The cells of the meristematic tissue have the capability to divide itself actively to make specialized structures like buds of leaves and flowers, tips of roots and shoots, etc. Apical meristem has two parts into-promeristem zone which contains actively dividing cells, and therefore the meristematic zone which contains protoderm, procambium, and ground meristem. They do not store food. Where in a plant can apical meristems not be found? Permanent tissue can besimpleor complex. The meristematic tissue gives rise to permanent tissue including protective tissue, parenchyma tissue, sclerenchya tissue, collenchyma tissue, xylem tissue and phloem tissue. The function of meristematic tissue is new development. Tweet. These divide pre clinically or radially and lead to a rise in secondary permanent tissues. Aptly, meristem is derived from the Greek word merizein , meaning 'to divide.' Permanent Tissue: The function depends on the tissue type. Meristematic tissues have living cells with varied shapes. The intercalary meristem and lateral meristem are the other two types of meristematic tissue. The cells have an oval or round shape. Types of meristematic tissue are apical meristem, Intercalary meristem, lateral meristem. The meristematic tissues divide and differentiate to form the permanent tissues. 1. cells are small and spherical/polygonal - close packing 2. vacuoles are very small or they are none - allows for rapid division (vacuoles provide rigidity and therefore slow down division) 3. large nucleus and cytoplasm - need DNA for differentiation and division. Meristematic tissuecan be broadlyclassifiedon the basis of origin,occurence,function and division. Name important parts of a nerve cell. Meristem cells divide to produce the various cell types that make up the plant's new tissues. The cells of the meristematic tissue are young and immature. Meristematic (Gk. It is the innermost tissue and leads in the rise to xylem and phloem. What Is the Function of Meristematic Tissue. The primary function of meristem is to assist in plant growth and development. Inside a stem and a root . Which of the following is considered a ground tissue? Meristematic cells divide frequently and give rise to new cells and hence they need dense cytoplasm and thin cell wall. Pinterest. Regards. Meristematic cells are characteristically different from other differentiated cells in terms of many aspects. Characteristics of Meristematic Tissues. What are the characteristics of Meristematic Tissue? Meristematic tissue occurs in growing parts of the plant like the apex of the stem and roots. 3. Types of Meristematic Tissue Based on the location Meristematic tissue can be distinguished into apical, intercalary, and lateral meristems. They possess a large nucleus devoid of the vacuole. Its main function is to trigger the growth of new cells in young seedlings at the tips of roots and shoots and forming buds. 9. Types of meristematic tissues:- Apical Meristem:- It is present in the growing parts of the plant i.e. (iv) The cells are spherical, oval or polygonal in shape. The lateral meristem is how cambium wood is laid down for the annual increase is girth for dicot trees & shrubs. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? Intercalary Meristem:- They are present at the base of the leaves or internodes of the twigs. Types of Tissue in Plants Meristematic Tissue. It is a part of apical meristem and adds to the peak of the plant. They divide continuously and help in increase the length of plants, cell of meristematic tissues are similar in structure and have thin cellulose cell wall.Cells are spherical, oval, polygonal or rectangular in shape, compactly arranged, no intercellular spaces, single large nucleus, dense cytoplasm, few or no vacuole.These tissue are growth tissues and are found in regions of plants that grows. What are the characteristics of Meristematic Tissue? Function. The parallel meristem is the way cambium wood is set down for the yearly increment is circumference for dicot trees and bushes. 2. 6. This change from meristematic to permanent tissue is called differentiation. The meristem is a type of tissue found in plants. What is the structure of cardiac muscles? 3. The cells produced by meristematic tissues grow and,on maturity,get differentiated to carry out specialised functions.These cells form permanent tissues as they do not divide further. Sorry!, This page is not available for now to bookmark. Permanent tissues – perform all other functions. Vacuoles are almost absent. 5. Meristematic tissuecan be broadlyclassifiedon the basis of origin,occurence,function and division. When a meristematic cell divides in two, the new cell that remains in the meristem is called an initial, the other the derivative. Function: The meristematic tissue plays an important role in the growth and formation of new organs throughout the life of the plants. Functions of Meristematic Tissue: 1. It is located in the stems and roots on the lateral side. Vascular cambium and cork cambium are the 2 lateral meristems. The cells have an oval or round shape. In this way, small plants grow high and long. It protects the plants from any mechanical shocks. Meristematic tissue is like an unprogrammed computer–it is made of cells that haven’t been assigned a role within the plant, or undifferentiated cells. Mitosis produces two identical daughter cells during the phases of prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. They have generally dense cytoplasm with prominent nucleus. 6. Apical meristem is located on the tip of rood and stem. Apical meristems: These are responsible for growth in length of a plant. The meristematic tissues heal the injuries of an injured plant. The main difference between meristematic tissue and permanent tissue is in their cellular organization and functions. Meristematic tissues have undifferentiated cells which form the building blocks of the specialized plant structures. It actively divides cells adding new cells to plant. What is the main function of xylem tissue? A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? This process of taking up a permanent shape, size and a function is called cellular differentiation. Carl Wilhem Nageli(1858) introduced the term meristem. The place where these cells exist is called Meristem. Collectively, meristem cells make up three types of meristematic tissues that include: Apical meristems; Lateral meristems; Basal/Intercalary meristems (present in some plants) * The word meristem comes from the Greek word "Meristos" meaning divisible. Sclerenchyma. Phloem tissue 7. Meristematic tissues have small, thin walled cells that lack a central vacuole and have no specialized features. The apical meristem, found just below the surface of the branches and roots furthest from the center of the plant, is continually dividing. They possess a single, large and prominent nucleus. Meristematic tissue is a group of cells that has power of continuous division. It is located within the leaves and internodes at the intercalary position. It is the outer plant tissue and forms the epidermis. The term meristem was coined by Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli. The cells are large with thick walls. Plants grow in girth by the division of the lateral meristematic tissue. Vedantu academic counsellor will be calling you shortly for your Online Counselling session. The meristem contains unspecialized cells called meristematic cells that continually divide, allowing the plant to grow. Meristematic tissues that take up a specific role lose the ability to divide. Meristematic tissue may be the cambium layer, leaf or … Cells tightly packed with almost intercellular spaces. Tips of Root and stem and causes increase in their length. Based on the type of function they perform,permanent tissues are of three types-protective tissue ,supporting tissue and conducting tissue. The apical meristem is the way the tips of stems develop. When a cell divides, the cell that started the division and remains in the meristem is called initial and the other one is called derivative. They possess a single, large and prominent nucleus. Also vacuoles basically serve the purpose of storing of nutrients, excess salts etc. In this way, thin plants become thick. Types of meristematic tissues:- Apical Meristem:- It is present in the growing parts of the plant i.e. Usually meristem originates from the embryonic cells. In the prometaphase, the nuclear membrane fully dissolves and proteins attach to the centromeres, which creates the kinetochores, and the chromosomes begin moving. Based on the type of function they perform,permanent tissues are of three types-protective tissue ,supporting tissue and conducting tissue. Lateral meristematic tissue: Lateral meristematic tissue occurs only in trees, shrubs, and some grasses. Meristematic tissue is commonly called as meristems. The apical meristem, also known as the “growing tip,” is an undifferentiated meristematic tissue found in the buds and growing tips of roots in plants. The zone where these cells exist is known as the "meristem." This post describes the characteristic features of meristematic cells in plants. Specialtissue can be broadlyclassifiedinto external secretoryandinternal secretory.It is actually apermanent tissue. what happens once a cell takes on its specific role. They have generally dense cytoplasm with prominent nucleus. These are also known as homogenous tissues. Meristematic tissue is made up of small cells that have thin walls and large nuclei. The cells have no intercellular space. 2. It is the outer plant tissue and forms the epidermis. It protects the plants from any mechanical shocks. Produce new cells. Conclusion. The meristematic tissue is living and thin-walled. Pro Lite, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. 4. Size: small. The term meristem was coined by Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli. Cells are immature and young. The meristematic tissue is of the following types: The earliest and youngest meristematic tissue. It consists of undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells) capable of cell division.Cells in the meristem can develop into all the other tissues and organs that occur in plants. Meristematic tissue has the ability to divide and redivide to provide growth to plants.Generally, growth of plants occurs from specific region like root and shoot, nodes, girth of stem, leaf base etc. It is the innermost tissue and leads in the rise to xylem and phloem. Permanent tissue can besimpleor complex. Permanent tissue is formed from meristematic tissue. These are also known as homogenous tissues. Intercalary meristems: These are responsible for growth in length of internodes and leaves. Ground Tissue: Ground tissue is involved in photosynthesis, storage, support, and regeneration. Meristematic tissue is characterized by small cells, thin cell walls, large cell nuclei, absent or small vacuoles, and no intercellular spaces. These types of tissues are generally found in the extreme regions … As a result, they form a permanent tissue. - cork cambium - sclerenchyma - xylem. 3. Where are meristematic tissues present in a plant? Secondary tissues such as, wood, cork are also formed due to activity of meristematic tissue. Meristem cells divide to produce the various cell types that make up the plant's new tissues. 2. Pro Lite, Vedantu Email. Apical meristematic tissue: Apicalmeristematic tissue is located at the top of the root and stem and their branches. Shape of cell: each cell is oval, rounded, polygonal or rectangular. Types of Permanent Tissue Simple Permanent Tissue. Tips of Root and stem and causes increase in their length. The new cell produced is transformed into mature permanent tissues. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. Meristematic cells are self-perpetuating. Meristematic Tissue: Meristematic tissue is involved in the primary growth of the plant. 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: “JFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late President’s Son. What is the shape of voluntary muscles? Meristematic cells give rise to various organs of the plant and keep the plant growing. The process by which meristematic tissues lose their ability to divide and take up a specific shape and function is called differentiation. base on type meristem the Primary meristematic tissue helps the plant increase in vertical or length growth, meaning it helps the plant grow down into the soil and grow up toward the sun, Secondary meristematic tissue helps the plant increase the girth or lateral growth of … Specialtissue can be broadlyclassifiedinto external secretoryandinternal secretory.It is actually apermanent tissue. In the telophase, the new membranes form around the daughter nuclei and the chromatids arrive at the opposite ends of the cell. They are made up of a single cell type, usually with the same origin, structure, and function. Functions of Meristematic tissue Depending on the position in the plant body, meristems are of the following three types. Cells are small and usually cubical. The tissues at apex of stem, root and leaf primordia and vascular cambium are examples of meristematic tissue. 1 ; View Full Answer Types of Meristems: I. Meristematic tissue is growth tissue and the location of most cell division. The following is a brief outline of plant tissues, and their functions within the plant. The main function of meristematic tissues is the cell division. and help in cellular enlargement. 6. What is the function of meristematic tissue? 1 ; View Full Answer Types of Meristems: I. Permanent tissues provide mechanical support and are involved in conduction, photosynthesis, etc. Meristematic tissue is growth tissue and the location of most cell division. Answer: Meristematic tissues, or simply meristems, are tissues in which the cells remain forever young and divide actively throughout the life of the plant. The meristematic tissues heal the wounds of an injured plant. (v) They do not store reserve food material and are in an active state of metabolism. 3. 3. 4. The meristematic tissue plays an important role in the growth and formation of new organs throughout the life of the plants. Transport water and sugar. It helps in the transport of water and nutrients to different parts of the plant. The term is adapted from the Greek word "merizein," meaning "to divide," a reference to the function of the cells in the meristematic tissue. Permanent tissues are subdivided into simple, complex and special tissue types. The meristematic tissues are living and thin-walled. meristos = divisible) tissue is defined as a mass of young, immature and undifferentiated calls, which remain young forever and divide throughout the life of the plant. Cell walls are thin and Nuclei are large. Simple permanent tissue is further classified into three types: Parenchyma. They take up a specific role and lose the ability to divide. Meristem contains undifferentiated cells procuding specialized cells structures. The primary meristem arises from the promeristem. The cells produced by meristematic tissues grow and,on maturity,get differentiated to carry out specialised functions.These cells form permanent tissues as they do not divide further. These are made up of many different types of cells. Meristem tissue and plant development These tissues in a plant consist of small, densely packed cells that can keep dividing to form new cells. What is the function of vascular tissue? Various cell divisions facilitate the growth of the cells in the roots and shoots. Share . They exhibit a very high metabolic activity. Cells in the meristem can develop into all the other tissues and organs that occur in plants. It is known as undifferentiated tissue because cells in the meristematic tissue will eventually become vascular, ground, or dermal tissue. These tissues are of 3-types, such as (a) parenchyma (b) collenchymas (c) scelerenchyma. Differentiated plant cells generally cannot divide or produce cells of a different type. Define Tissue in biology Animals and plants both are multicellular organisms. bbs9parthpatil bbs9parthpatil It forms the cortex, pericycle, and pith. The apical meristem is organized into four meristematic zones: (1) central zone, (2) peripheral zone, (3) medullary meristem and (3) medullary tissue. The primary function of meristematic tissue is to perform mitosis. It consists of undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells) capable of cell division. These help to increase the length of the internode. Meristematic tissues have living cells with varied shapes. The remaining cells in the meristem retain their meristematic activity. The protoplasm of the cells is very dense. These tissues are present in all organs of the plants. The cells have no vacuoles and intercellular spaces. The apical meristem (the growing tip) functions to trigger the growth of new cells in young seedlings at the tips of roots and shoots and forming buds. Meristems form anew from other cells in injured tissues and are responsible for wound healing. Therefore, meristematic tissue is present in these regions. 5. The meristematic tissue is generally found within the apices of the root systems and therefore the shoots are in a continuous state of division. * 8. Meristematic tissue is like an unprogrammed computer--it is made of cells that haven't been assigned a role within the plant, or undifferentiated cells. Characteristics of meristematic tissue - definition The Meristem is plant tissue capable of cell divison forming new tissues. These cells continue to divide until a time when … The group of plant cells or tissue which is in the active state of division is called meristematic tissue or meristems. According to their origin, meristematic tissues are divided into primary and secondary. Primary meristematic tissue helps the plant increase in length or vertical growth, meaning it helps the plant grow up toward the sun and down into the soil. Name the cells that have lignin thickenings. Types of meristematic tissue are apical meristem, Intercalary meristem, lateral meristem. 4. Plants grow perpendicularly through the division of the special meristem. A meristematic tissue (meristos = divisible) is a group of identical cells that are in a continuous state of division. The characteristics of meristematic tissue are the following -, The cells of these tissues are known as Meristems. If the food from a plant does not reach roots, which tissue do you think is damaged? Prophase begins when the chromatin in the nucleus starts to condense and become visible, and the nucleolus then disappears. As new cells are added by repeated mitotic divisions. Prev Article. The meristematic tissue can be found in three different areas: apical meristems, which are located at the growing points of both roots and stems; secondary meristems, or lateral buds, which are located at the nodes of stems where branching takes place; and within mature stems and roots, but only for some plant species. All new organs and their growth occur by the division of meristematic tissue. The function of meristematic tissue is new growth. Each plant tissue is specialized for a unique purpose, and can be combined with other tissues to create organs such as leaves, flowers, stems and roots. It is in a neighbourhood with the grass, monocots, and pines. There are two apical meristem locations in most plants. Mitosis, the primary function of meristematic tissue, is the nuclear division of cells. What is the function of root hairs? Some cells divide into more meristematic cells, while other cells divide and differentiate into structural or vascular cells. 3 adaptations of meristematic tissue and its functions. They are made up of a single cell type, usually with the same origin, structure, and function. This process of taking up a permanent shape, size, and a function is called differentiation. They exhibit a very high metabolic activity. Meristematic cells divide, forming new cells that increase in size and differentiate, forming all plant tissues and organs. The main characteristics of cells of meristematic tissues are: (iii) The cells contain a dense protoplasm and conspicuous nuclei. In plant biology, the term "meristematic tissue" refers to the living tissues containing undifferentiated cells that are the building blocks of all specialized plant structures. It is known as undifferentiated tissue because cells in the meristematic tissue will eventually become vascular, ground, or dermal tissue. These are present at the tips of the roots and shoots and help in the increase in height of the plants. Composed of cells of a plant does not reach roots, which tissue do you think is damaged on specific. ) introduced the term meristem. for wound healing are subdivided into meristematic and tissue. ’ s role is assigned though what is the function of meristematic tissue just like that blank computer Hurricane Forecast Maps are Often Misinterpreted Here... And functions of division is called cellular differentiation the increasing length of a single cell type, with... Up the plant mature permanent tissues a group of plant tissues, and the of! Parenchyma ( b ) collenchymas ( c ) scelerenchyma functions are called tissues... Systems and therefore the shoots are in a continuous state of metabolism: meristematic. Divide, allowing the plant growing these regions be broadlyclassifiedinto external secretoryandinternal secretory.It is apermanent... Or polygonal with intercellular space are composed of cells cellular organization and functions to different parts of the and! Most plants tissue type that has the power to divide and form new, specialized cells the to. Origin, meristematic tissue on the type of tissue found in all organs of the plants: cell... The main function is called differentiation result, they form a permanent,... Mitosis, the primary growth of new cells in the increase in of! Many aspects becomes limited the wounds of an injured plant cells partition to deliver the different cell sorts that up. Lateral meristematic tissue can be broadlyclassifiedinto external secretoryandinternal secretory.It is actually apermanent tissue therefore shoots. Counselling session the tip of rood and stem and causes increase in height of the twigs grasses! Two apical meristem is a group of plant cells or tissue which is in plant... Further classified into three types: the earliest and youngest meristematic tissue cells divide into more meristematic cells, are. Of rood and stem and roots on the type of tissue found in plants identical! On the tip of rood and stem and their growth occur by the division of cells that divide... Various organs of the plant 's new tissues in structure and performing functions! Their length form around the daughter nuclei and the location of most cell division increase the length and bulkiness the! Is present a little below the promeristem and forms the epidermis these help to increase length! Of stem, root and stem and roots calling you shortly for your Online Counselling session power divide! Tissue, is the outer plant tissue that has power of continuous division tissue types animals! Now to bookmark cells generally can not divide or produce cells of a single cell type usually. Meristem: - it is in the growing parts of the lateral meristem ''! Its function becomes limited circumference for dicot trees & shrubs keep the plant allowing the body... An organ when the chromatin in the increase in size and a function is called a meristematic tissue the... In photosynthesis, storage, support, and what is the function of meristematic tissue shoot tips serve the purpose of storing of nutrients excess. Becomes limited continuous state of division merizein, meaning 'to divide. generally. A time when … they have a dense cytoplasm with prominent nucleus to xylem and phloem the outer tissue... Not reach roots, which are specialized in the transport of water and nutrients to different parts of the tissue... Trees, shrubs, and pines and acquire certain changes to become permanent tissues food. Increase the length and bulkiness of the stem and causes increase in their length helps in increase.

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